Down below we have listed our current projects along with the logos for each partner financially supporting them.
Toxic gases from fire in E-vehicles (E-TOX)
Fires in electric vehicles may undermine the wide spread adoption of these vehicles and transition to renewable fuels. A strong concern related to burning electric vehicles is the release of toxic gas, e.g. HF. This threatens the health of first responders and may even contribute to greater hesitation in their firefighting and response strategy. A delayed response entails a greater risk of fire spread and release of toxic gases as well as reduced recycling potential and higher insurance costs. This may have a critical impact to personal safety, the environment, the vehicle industry and even delay society’s shift towards electromobility. This project will provide a basis for relevant risk assessment both in case of fires in electric vehicles and for other areas such as energy storage. It will strengthen the public’s confidence in new energy carriers and the increased knowledge contributes to more effective firefighting, and, in the long run, the development of safer alternatives.
Scheduled to be completed in November 2020
Contact: Ola Willstrand
Full scale testing of CNG containers
Resulting from either fire and/or wear CNG containers have ruptured, i.e. caused a pressure vessel explosion. The project aims to contribute with basic research concerning fire exposed CNG containers. In a first phase, empty CNG containers were placed above heptane pool fires of various size and location. In a second phase of the project, planned for 2019, filled CNG containers will be exposed to the same fire. This will lead to either a jet flame or pressure vessel explosion which will be documented and measured.
Contact: Anders Lönnermark
To manage fire risks related to li-ion batteries in vehicles
This project aims to study the possibilities to reduce the risks and consequences of a thermal incident in or in connection with a li-ion battery. The project will investigate and map fire incidents and provide suggestions for safety solutions in various areas. The project will study fire risks connected to vehicles in operation and charging, and provide routines for how electric vehicles and batteries should be handled after crash, having in mind the risk of fire at a later stage. The focus of the project will be to investigate what possibilities fixed / integrated suppression systems, that are widely used to protect engine compartments on heavy vehicles, are able to conduct in terms of fire protection for li-ion batteries as well as how they should be designed. By doing so, an existing resource could be taken advantage of to reduce these risks – as an example, 94% of all public transport buses in Sweden already have fixed fire suppression systems installed.
Scheduled to be completed in November 2019
Contact: Ola Willstrand
BREND – Fires in new energy carriers on roro-deck
Roro-ships are the most common ship type visiting Swedish ports and large parts of their crews are Swedish. Among these there is a great need for knowledge on how fires in vehicles with new energy carriers (AFV – Alternative Fuel Vehicles) should be handled. AFV e.g. includes battery electric vehicles, hybrids, (hydrogen) fuel cell vehicles, CNG- and LPG-vehicles. The AFV are not inherently higher risk vehicles compared to conventional fuels like diesel or petrol, but the uncertainties and maybe even fear of how to handle fires in them increases their risk. This gap of knowledge needs to be remedied and the BREND project aims to achieve knowledge transfer from land-based applications to sea-based applications as well as to evaluate possible new or alternative fire fighting strategies and equipment.
Scheduled to be completed Q2 2019
Contact: Lotta Vylund
The iRIS-project (Intelligent Risk Identification System for safer mines) aims to develop and implement tools and systems to identify vehicle-related fire risks in mining environments. If the risks are identified early, and experiences from other sites and sectors are used, some of the vehicle related fires could be avoided.
The EIT RawMaterials project is completed, but there will be a continuation of iRIS in another project
Pre-study of a new standard for fixed fire detection and suppression systems for mining vehicles
The purpose of the project is to analyze the need for changes to the regulations governing fire detection and suppression systems on mining vehicles and machines, as well as to gather experiences from fire investigations of vehicles with installed fire suppression systems.
Contact: Joel Blom
Europe’s railway industries require a step change in technologies and design for the next generation of rail vehicles in order to remain competitive globally. However, currently available structural composites do not meet Fire, Smoke & Toxicity requirements of the railway sector, and thus cannot be used for the manufacturing of carbodyshell parts. Innovative materials and modular design for rolling stock are considered to become key to success in Europe’s railway industries. Composite materials with their unique properties, such as lightness or reparability have demonstrated a high potential for lighter, more energy- and cost-efficient structural components in relevant sectors such as aeronautic or automotive industries.
Scheduled to be completed in September 2019